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Category Archives: Filozofiranje

Тесеракт: или зашто је важно мислити о незамисливом.
Tesseract: Why it is important to think of unthinkable things.

Carl Sagan: 4th Dimension Explanation

Adam Curtis’ acclaimed series examines the rise of the all-consuming self against the backdrop of the Freud dynasty.

To many in both politics and business, the triumph of the self is the ultimate expression of democracy, where power has finally moved to the people. Certainly the people may feel they are in charge, but are they really? The Century of the Self tells the untold and sometimes controversial story of the growth of the mass-consumer society in Britain and the United States. How was the all-consuming self created, by whom, and in whose interests?

The Freud dynasty is at the heart of this compelling social history. Sigmund Freud, founder of psychoanalysis; Edward Bernays, who invented public relations; Anna Freud, Sigmund’s devoted daughter; and present-day PR guru and Sigmund’s great grandson, Matthew Freud.

Sigmund Freud’s work into the bubbling and murky world of the subconscious changed the world. By introducing a technique to probe the unconscious mind, Freud provided useful tools for understanding the secret desires of the masses. Unwittingly, his work served as the precursor to a world full of political spin doctors, marketing moguls, and society’s belief that the pursuit of satisfaction and happiness is man’s ultimate goal.

The story of the relationship between Sigmund Freud and his American nephew, Edward Bernays. Bernays invented the public relations profession in the 1920s and was the first person to take Freud’s ideas to manipulate the masses. He showed American corporations how they could make people want things they didn’t need by systematically linking mass-produced goods to their unconscious desires.

Bernays was one of the main architects of the modern techniques of mass-consumer persuasion, using every trick in the book, from celebrity endorsement and outrageous PR stunts, to eroticising the motorcar.

His most notorious coup was breaking the taboo on women smoking by persuading them that cigarettes were a symbol of independence and freedom. But Bernays was convinced that this was more than just a way of selling consumer goods. It was a new political idea of how to control the masses. By satisfying the inner irrational desires that his uncle had identified, people could be made happy and thus docile.

It was the start of the all-consuming self which has come to dominate today’s world.

Politicians and planners came to believe Freud’s underlying premise – that deep within all human beings were dangerous and irrational desires and fears. They were convinced that it was the unleashing of these instincts that had led to the barbarism of Nazi Germany. To stop it ever happening again they set out to find ways to control this hidden enemy within the human mind.

Sigmund Freud’s daughter, Anna, and his nephew, Edward Bernays, provided the centrepiece philosophy. The US government and big business used their ideas to develop techniques to manage and control the minds of the American people. But this was not a cynical exercise in manipulation. Those in power believed that the only way to make democracy work and create a stable society was to repress the savage barbarism that lurked just under the surface of normal American life.

In the 1960s, a radical group of psychotherapists challenged the influence of Freudian ideas in America. They were inspired by the ideas of Wilhelm Reich, a pupil of Freud’s, who had turned against him and was hated by the Freud family. He believed that the inner self did not need to be repressed and controlled. It should be encouraged to express itself.

Out of this came a political movement that sought to create new beings free of the psychological conformity that had been implanted in people’s minds by business and politics.

This programme shows how this rapidly developed in America through self-help movements like Werber Erhard’s Erhard Seminar Training – into the irresistible rise of the expressive self: the Me Generation.

But the American corporations soon realised that this new self was not a threat but their greatest opportunity. It was in their interest to encourage people to feel they were unique individuals and then sell them ways to express that individuality. To do this they turned to techniques developed by Freudian psychoanalysts to read the inner desires of the new self.

Део први: Машине среће
Part I:Happiness Machines

Део други: Конструисање сагласности
Part II: The engineering of Consent

Део трећи: Има један полицајац у нашим главама – Он мора бити уништен
Part III: There is a Policeman Inside All Our Heads: He Must Be Destroyed

Део четврти
Part IV:

Овај текст преузет је са званичног сајта за филм (BBC 4).

This text is quote from official Movie site (BBC 4).

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Edward Bernays

По оцени многих филм „Корпорација“, снимљен 2004. год., један је од најзначајних документарних филмова снимљених у последњих пар година. Филм је номинован за многобројне награде и признања, а неке је и освојио: Награда публике (Филмски фестивал Санденс), 2004 и Специјална награда жирија на Међународном Фестивалу документарног филма у Амстердаму, 2003.год. и 2004.год. Овде (доле) можете погледати цео филм (180 минута).

According to many ( Variety, the Economist…) film The Corporation (2003) is one of the most significant documentaries filmed for the past couple of years. The film was nominated for numerous awards, and won some of them. It won the World Cinema Audience Award: Documentary at the Sundance Film Festival, 2004, and won a Special Jury Award at the Amsterdam International Documentary Film Festival in 2003 and 2004. Here you can watch the whole movie (180 minutes).

Serbian passport holders can travel without a visa to following countries :

  • indicates countries that have an agreement with Serbia on visa free travel; rest of the countries generally do not require visas or have adopted a unilateral waiver

Africa

Countries allowed stay
Flag of Botswana Botswana 90 days
Flag of Burkina Faso Burkina Faso 90 days (on arrival)
Flag of Burundi Burundi on arrival
Flag of Cape Verde Cape Verde on arrival
Flag of the Comoros Comoros on arrival
Flag of Djibouti Djibouti 10 days (on arrival)
Flag of Egypt Egypt 30 days (issued on arrival)
Flag of Kenya Kenya 90 days (issued on arrival)
Flag of Madagascar Madagascar 90 days (on arrival)
Flag of Mozambique Mozambique 30 days (on airport arrival)
Flag of Niger Niger 90 days
Flag of São Tomé and Pr�ncipe São Tomé and Príncipe 30 days (issued on arrival)
Flag of the Seychelles Seychelles 90 days
Flag of Tanzania Tanzania on arrival
Flag of Togo Togo 7 days
Flag of Tunisia Tunisia 90 days
Flag of Uganda Uganda 12 months max. (on arrival)
Flag of Zambia Zambia 90 days

Asia

Countries allowed stay
Flag of Armenia Armenia through validity of passport if holding letter of invitation
Flag of Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 7 days
Flag of Cambodia Cambodia 30 days (on arrival)
Flag of Iran Iran 17 days (on arrival)
Flag of Jordan Jordan 15 days (issued on arrival)
Flag of South Korea South Korea 30 days
Flag of Laos Laos 15 days (on airport arrival)
Flag of Lebanon Lebanon 90 days (tourist visa issued on arrival)
Flag of Macau Macau 30 days (on arrival)
Flag of the Maldives Maldives 30 days (on arrival)
Flag of Nepal Nepal 150 days max. (on arrival)
Flag of Singapore Singapore 30 days (on arrival)
Flag of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 30 days
Flag of East Timor Timor-Leste 30 days (on arrival)
Flag of Turkey Turkey 30 days (issued on arrival)

Europe

Countries allowed stay
Flag of Andorra Andorra no restriction
Flag of Albania Albania 180 days
Flag of Belarus Belarus 30 days
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina 90 days*

* Serbian ID card can be used as a travel document instead of passport.

Flag of Croatia Croatia 90 days
Flag of the Republic of Macedonia Macedonia 60 days
Flag of Montenegro Montenegro no restriction*

* Serbian ID card can be used as a travel document instead of passport.

Flag of Russia Russia 30 days with voucher and return ticket*

* Serbian citizens do not need the Russian visa if they possess a valid hotel voucher for desired period of stay accompanied with the return ticket

Flag of Ukraine Ukraine 30 days with voucher*

* Serbian citizens do not need the Ukrainian visa if they possess a valid hotel voucher

Latin America

Countries allowed stay
Flag of Argentina Argentina 90 days
Flag of Chile Chile 90 days
Flag of Costa Rica Costa Rica 90 days
Flag of Cuba Cuba 90 days
Flag of Dominica Dominica 21 days
Flag of Haiti Haiti 90 days
Flag of Jamaica Jamaica on arrival
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 30 days
Flag of Peru Peru 90 days
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago exempted for 30 days

Oceania

Countries allowed stay
Flag of Fiji Fiji 4 months
Flag of the Federated States of Micronesia Federated States of Micronesia 30 days
Flag of Niue Niue 30 days
Flag of Palau Palau return ticket required
Flag of Samoa Samoa 30 days
Flag of the Solomon Islands Solomon Islands no restriction
Flag of Tonga Tonga 30 days
Flag of Tuvalu Tuvalu 30 days (on arrival)

Source: Wikipedia>>>> here

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Септембра 1985. год., Запа је сведочио пред комитетом Америчког Сената за трговину, технологију и транспорт, нападајући Центар за Родитељски Музички Интерес (PMRC), организацију за цензорисање музике, основану од стране супруге тадашњег сенатора Ал Гора. Та организација састојала се од многих жена политичара, укључујучи ту и 5 жена чланова самог комитета. У претходно припремљеном говору Запа је рекао:

“Предлог PMRC-а је злонамерна бесмислица која не успева да оствари било какав прави бољитак за децу, задирући у грађанске слободе људи који нису деца и обећава да ће судови имати пуне руке посла бавећи се интерпретацијама и применама проблема који произилазе из овог предлога. Колико ја схватам, по закону, у случајевима везаним за Први амандман пресуђује се у корист мање рестриктивне алтернативе. У овом смислу, захтеви PMRC-а су исто што и лечење перути одсецањем главе (…) Успостављањем система процене, добровољног или другачијег, отварају се врата за бескрајну параду програма за контролу моралног квалитета заснованог на стварима које се одређеним Хришћанима не свиђају. Шта ако следећа група супруга из Вашингтона одлучи да се велико шуто “Ј” стави на сав материјал који пишу или изводе Јевреји, како би спасли беспомоћну децу од изложености прикривене доктрине Зионизма?[*]

Погледајте овде дебату коју је Френк Запа водио са цензорима о цензорисању музичке уметности и слободи говора (из емисије „Унакрсна ватра“, емитованој на CNN-у 1986. године). Закључак до којег су дошли водитељи на крају емисије јасно показује у каквом свету живимо данас, 15 година након смрти Френка Запе.

On September 19, 1985, Zappa testified before the US Senate Commerce, Technology, and Transportation committee, attacking the Parents Music Resource Center or PMRC, a music censorship organization, founded by then-Senator Al Gore’s wife Tipper Gore. The PMRC consisted of many wives of politicians, including the wives of five members of the committee. In his prepared statement, Zappa said:

„The PMRC proposal is an ill-conceived piece of nonsense which fails to deliver any real benefits to children, infringes the civil liberties of people who are not children, and promises to keep the courts busy for years dealing with the interpretational and enforcemental problems inherent in the proposal’s design. It is my understanding that, in law, First Amendment issues are decided with a preference for the least restrictive alternative. In this context, the PMRC’s demands are the equivalent of treating dandruff by decapitation. (…) The establishment of a rating system, voluntary or otherwise, opens the door to an endless parade of moral quality control programs based on things certain Christians do not like. What if the next bunch of Washington wives demands a large yellow „J“ on all material written or performed by Jews, in order to save helpless children from exposure to concealed Zionist doctrine?“[*]

Watch here the debate between Frank Zappa and censors on censoring music and freedom of speech (from Crossfire show, CNN, 1986). Conclusion made by show hosts at the end clearly shows what kind of world are we living today, 15 years after death of Frank Zappa.

* Record Labeling. Hearing before the committee on commerce, science and transportation... U.S. Government printing office (1985-09-19).

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Која је највећа човекова творевина? Читалац ће, вероватно, као и аутор овог блога одмах помислити на пирамиде. Или, можда, велики кинески зид? Читалац се вара.

Највећа ствар икада направљена човековом руком је депонија Фреш Килс, која се налази у Њујорку (Fresh Kills, New York). Од када је отпочето насипање ђубрета (1947), па до затварања депоније (2001) на том простору насипано је око 30,000 тона ђубрета дневно. Та гомила ђубрета, стишњавана и разастирана током 50 година простире се на нешто више од 10 km² и протеже се у висину од oko 70 метара, надмашујући тако кип слободе који стоји у близини.

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Још је занимљивије како се планира да се сво то деценијско ђубре прекрије. Једним великим најлоном и земљманим слојем дебљине око70 цм. Преко свега тога, наравно, велики парк и мноштво активности над сопственим отпадом и смрадом.

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Чињенице и неке од фотографија преузете су са званичног сајта Одељења за планирање града Њујорка.

Више информација можете видети овде: New York City – Department of City Planning

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„… Сумњам да би и сва филозофија света могла да укине ропство. У најбољем случају променуће му име. У стању сам да замислим горе облике ропства од наших, горе јер су подмуклији: било зато што ће људе успети да претворе у глупе и задовољне машине које замишљају да су слободне мада су подјармљене, било што ће се у њима развити, искључујући доколицу и уживања, жеља за бесомучним радом, као што је страст за ратовањем код варварских раса. Ја више волим наше стварно ропство од тог ропства духа и људске маште…“
Marguerite Yourcenar: Memoirs of Hadrian

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 “… It’s interesting to look back at the 1920s, when the public relations industry really began. This was the period of Taylorism in industry, when workers were being trained to become robots and every single motion was controlled and regulated. Taylorism created highly efficient industry, with human beings being turned into automata. The Bolsheviks were very impressed with Taylorism, too, and tried to duplicate it, as other throughout the world. But the thought-control experts soon realized that you could have not only what was called “on-job control” but also “off-job control”. It’s a fine phrase. Off-job control means turning people into robots in every part of their lives by introducing a “philosophy of utility [3]”, focusing people on “the superficial things of life, like fashionable consumption [4]”… And from that idea grew enormous industries, ranging from advertising to universities, all very consciously committed to that belief that you must control attitudes and opinions, because the people are otherwise just too dangerous.

Now private tyrannies—corporate systems—play the role of controlling opinions and attitudes. These corporations are not taking orders from the government but are closely linked to the government, of course. And you don’t have to speculate too much about what they’re doing, because they’re kind enough to tell you in their own industry publications or in academic journals…”

NOAM J. HOMSKY, IMPERIAL AMBITIONS
Penguin books, 2005, p.21, 22.

[3] Michael Dawson, The Consumer Trap (University of Illinois Press, 2003).
[4] Stuart Ewen, Captains of Consciousness (McGraw-Hill, 1976), p. 85.

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Него, шта чинити? Како се одупрети?